How is Social Existence and National Development in Nigeria?…….The orthodox template that defines national development is the one which sees it as the capacity a country has to improve the social welfare of its citizens through the provision of basic social amenities like good education, housing, electricity, healthcare facilities, pipe-borne water, and so on. In other words, national development is seen in the narrow sense of the provision of infrastructural facility.
This understanding is important to the achievement of national development, but it does not tell the whole story. Infrastructural and economic development in any state is veritable tools that ought to lead to the achievement of certain non-economic objectives. The most significant in this regard is the achievement of human well-being for the citizenry.
Human well-being is assessed in terms of the quality of life which an average individual is confronted with in any national space. It is also factored into the extent to which individuals happy and free to achieve self-realization.
Basically, national development is the ?
Provision of infrastructural facility
To achieve such an objective, there is the need to put in place certain foundations on which social life in a state can evolve. These foundations refer to those conditions that human beings require to live a conducive life in the society in which they find themselves. These conditions are basically three:
- The adaptation to external human and physical environment
- Provision of human bio-social needs;and
- The establishment of the requirements necessary for social
The first condition requires that human beings adjust to whatever physical environment they find themselves in order to ensure their own survival. Such an interaction with the environment would involve the people achieving shelter, clothing and feeding in, for example, an environment dominated by mountains (i.e. Panama), or ice (i.e. Iceland), or thick forest (i.e. the Amazon), or oceans (i.e. Japan), or sand (i.e. Saudi Arabia).
Apart from this, there is also the complementary need to adjust to the human environment. This requires that the individuals in a particular society be protected through adequate care and support especially those who are weak and vulnerable like the aged, the sick and the young ones.
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