How to Become an MLOps Engineer? Explanation, Skills, Job Roles, and Salary

How to Become an MLOps Engineer? In the ever-evolving landscape of technology and data-driven decision-making, MLOps stands as the next frontier in operational excellence. It represents a transformative approach to everyday operations that simplifies management and enhances organisational efficiency. MLOps, short for Machine Learning Operations, is all about optimizing processes, automating workflows, and harnessing the power of cutting-edge tools to drive success. It revolves around a fundamental commitment to understanding your team’s unique needs and taking proactive steps to bring those needs to fruition. 

What is MLOps?

MLOps, short for Machine Learning Operations, is an integral component of Machine Learning Engineering. Its primary objective is to streamline the transition of machine learning models into production while also ensuring ongoing maintenance and monitoring. This collaborative discipline frequently involves the collective efforts of data scientists, DevOps engineers, and IT professionals.

What is an MLOps Engineer?

An MLOps Engineer is a specialized professional who plays a crucial role in Machine Learning Operations (MLOps). They bridge the gap between data science and IT operations, focusing on the seamless deployment, monitoring, and maintenance of ML  models in production environments. MLOps Engineers automate workflows, optimize processes, and ensure the reliability and scalability of ML systems. Their expertise encompasses version control, containerization, orchestration, and continuous integration/deployment (CI/CD) pipelines. Implementing MLOps practices facilitates efficient collaboration between data scientists and IT teams, ensuring that machine learning solutions are deployed and managed effectively to drive business success.

How to Become an MLOps Engineer?

Becoming an MLOps Engineer involves a multifaceted journey combining machine learning, software development, and operations expertise. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to embark on this exciting career path:

The first and most important step in becoming an MLOps engineer is undergoing a dedicated MLOps course. You’ll gain expertise in machine learning, DevOps, and automation, making you proficient in deploying and managing ML models in real-world scenarios.

Foundation in Machine Learning: Build a strong foundation in machine learning concepts. Familiarize yourself with algorithms, data preprocessing, model evaluation, and deep learning frameworks TensorFlow or PyTorch.

Programming Skills: Develop proficiency in programming languages such as Python and R, widely used in data science and machine learning.

Cloud Computing: Gain expertise in cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, or Google Cloud, as MLOps often involves deploying models on these platforms.

Containerization: Learn containerization technologies like Docker and container orchestration tools like Kubernetes. This knowledge is crucial for packaging and managing machine learning applications efficiently.

Version Control: Master version control systems like Git to mark changes and collaborate with other team members effectively.

Automation: Understand automation tools and configuration management systems like Ansible and Terraform to automate the deployment and configuration of infrastructure.

Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD): Familiarize yourself with CI/CD pipelines to automate testing, building, and deploying machine learning models.

DevOps Practices: Embrace DevOps principles, focusing on collaborating, communicating, and automating between development and operations teams.

Monitoring and Logging: Learn how to set up robust monitoring and logging solutions to ensure the health and performance of deployed models.

Soft Skills: Develop strong communication skills and the ability to work in cross-functional teams. MLOps Engineers often bridge the gap between data scientists and IT professionals.

Certifications: To validate your skills, consider obtaining relevant certifications, such as AWS Certified DevOps Engineer or Google Cloud Professional DevOps Engineer.

Continuous Learning: Stay updated with the evolving landscape of MLOps by attending workshops, webinars, and conferences.

Build a Portfolio: Create projects that showcase your MLOps skills, such as deploying machine learning models in real-world scenarios.

Job Search: Look for MLOps Engineer roles or positions related to machine learning engineering, DevOps, or cloud computing, and tailor your resume to highlight your relevant skills and experiences.

Networking: Participate in virtual communities, engage in meetups, and establish connections with industry experts to broaden your network and gain valuable insights from their experiences.

Following these steps and continously honing your skills, you can surely embark on a rewarding career as an MLOps Engineer, contributing to the successful deployment and management of machine learning solutions in various industries.

What are the skills required to become an MLOps engineer?

MLOps Engineers serve as the vital link between machine learning and operations. Their primary responsibility is ensuring the accurate deployment and seamless updates of machine learning models while avoiding disruptive issues.

To excel in the role of an MLOps Engineer, certain essential skills are indispensable:

Experience in Agile Environments: Proficiency in agile work settings, fostering adaptability and collaboration.

Problem-Solving Aptitude: The ability to identify and resolve challenges swiftly, coupled with a penchant for rapid learning.

Commitment to Continuous Learning: Recognizing the ongoing need for personal development and the dynamic nature of the field.

Programming Proficiency: Demonstrated knowledge of at least one programming language, with a preference for Python or Java.

Moreover, MLOps Engineers must be able to interpret model outcomes, entailing a fundamental grasp of data and its relevance to the problem the model seeks to address.

The technical competencies requisite for MLOps Engineers encompass:

Data Science: Proficiency in data science methodologies and practices.

Statistical Modeling: Expertise in statistical modeling techniques.

Programming Skills: Competence in programming languages like Python and R.

Machine Learning (ML): Profound understanding and practical application of machine learning concepts.

SQL: Proficiency in Structured Query Language (SQL) for data retrieval and manipulation.

Linux/Unix Shell Scripting: Familiarity with scripting in Linux/Unix environments for automation and system management.

Salary of an MLOps Engineer in India

In India, the typical annual salary for an MLOps Engineer averages ₹12,86,079. The salary of an MLOps engineer can depend of various factors, including experience, skills, qualifications, and the employment organization.

MLOps Engineer Job Prospects

The job prospects for MLOps engineers are exceptionally promising. Machine Learning Operations (MLOps) is burgeoning and evolving rapidly. With a growing number of companies automating diverse processes, the demand for individuals who can ensure the seamless operation of these automated systems is on the rise.

MLOps engineers are sought after because they possess the expertise to troubleshoot and optimize processes, a skillset that’s indispensable in a time when many organizations are still navigating the effective use of machine learning technologies.

According to the BLS, the job market for MLOps engineers is projected to witness a substantial 21% growth from the present to 2024. This increase surpasses the average growth rate for careers within this field, highlighting the significant demand for professionals capable of bridging the gap between machine learning and operations in an increasingly data-driven world.

By honing these skills and competencies, individuals can embark on a successful career as an MLOps Engineer, effectively navigating the convergence of machine learning and operations to drive organizational success.


Becoming an MLOps engineer requires combining technical expertise, machine learning and operations skills. Job roles in this field are diverse, ranging from DevOps integration to model deployment. Salaries are often competitive, making it a lucrative career choice for those passionate about bridging the gap between ML development and production. So take the opportunity and enrol in a MLOps course to kick start your career!

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