Vulnerability: Humans differ in terms of their physical strength and mental acumen. But, no matter how physically strong or intelligent specific individuals might be, all humans are equally vulnerable. This is in the sense that all humans are susceptible to various risks in life: they can all fall sick, die and have any kind of accident. Besides, no matter how strong a person might be, all humans have certain needs, ordinarily referred to as basic human needs: need for food, shelter, clothing and other general care that makes life meaningful and pleasant.
These needs are multiple and can be as well complex given the scarcity of resources required to meet them. Resources available in society are such that, at any given point in time, they are never sufficient to satisfy everyone in society at the same time.
Lack of Self Sufficiency: No matter how physically strong, intelligent or gifted a person might be, no one is self sufficient. No human person can survive and have a meaningful and fulfilling existence in isolation of other human beings. This is borne out of the fact that human needs are multiple and complex and can only be effectively met when people interact with one another in diverse forms of social interaction. For instance, there is no way an individual can effectively provide all his food, clothing, shelter and medical and emotional needs all by himself without adequate contribution and assistance from other people.
Need for Social Interaction and the Formation of Society
Need for Social Interaction and the Formation of Society..
The vulnerability of all humans and the fact that none is self sufficient necessitate human interpersonal relations and the formation of society. It is this understanding that generated the idea first presented by Aristotle that human beings are necessarily social animals. This means that they cannot exist and maximize their potentials as human beings unless they live in society where their diverse needs are effectively met through their cooperative efforts.
Society, in this regard, is understood as an organized group of people who share some interests or objectives in common and who enter into cooperative relationships in order to enhance their common interests and achieve their common objectives. It is usually characterized by a common tradition as well as various institutions to ensure that common interests and objectives are effectively pursued. One of such institutions is the moral institution.