List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

Nigeria is the most populous black nation in Africa and the world. Surrounded by a list of countries that border Nigeria, Nigeria has been home to several indigenous pre-colonial states and kingdoms since the second millennium BC, with the Nok civilization in the 15th century BC marking the first internal unification in the country. Nigeria is also home to the second largest film industry on the globe whilst also being the fashion, technological and creative hub in Africa. Nigerians are known for their vibrant and friendly energy expressed through diverse creative expressions.

Nigeria is country that is located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. The country has abundant natural resources, notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas. The national capital is Abuja, in the Federal Capital Territory, which was created by decree in 1976. Lagos, the former capital, retains its standing as the country’s leading commercial and industrial city. Modern Nigeria dates from 1914, when the British Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were joined. The country became independent on October 1, 1960, and in 1963 adopted a republican constitution but elected to stay a member of the Commonwealth.

There are an estimated 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. Each inhabits a territory that it considers to be its own by right of first occupancy and inheritance. There are three major ethnic groups in the country: the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo.

Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin. Nigeria is not only large in area—larger than the U.S. state of Texas—but also Africa’s most populous country.

With an area of about 356,669 square miles, the country’s borders have a length of approximately 2,515 miles. The border with Benin runs for about 480 miles, while the one with Niger runs for about 930 miles. The longest border is that with Cameroon, which runs for a massive 10,050 miles, while the shortest border is that with Chad, which runs for a much shorter 54 miles. The coastline has a length of about 530 miles.

Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north.

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

In Africa, there are the list of countries that border Nigeria, and many of these countries are not necessarily speaking the same language with the country, neither do they share any close identity completely. Needless it is to say these countries share a certain geographical proximity with the most populated country and giant of Africa. Here are the list of countries that border Nigeria:

  • Cameroon

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Chad

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Benin

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Gulf of Guinea

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Niger

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Lake Chad

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Equatorial Guinea

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • Ghana

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.

  • São Tomé and Príncipe

List of Countries That Border Nigeria.


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