How To Answer And Pass Exam Questions:- Exam environment may be different across disciplines. Computing students will sit some tests in front of a computer with their fingers poised to code. A practical element will contribute to science-student’s final grade.
It doesn’t matter if you’re studying English, Economics, Psychology or History, every exam can be approached in much the same way with these exam writing tips.
How To Answer And Pass Exam Questions
With all these characteristics, it is no wonder that multiple choice tests are both under-estimated by some students and revered by others. We begin with a series of in-test strategies and then apply these to a few example questions, highlighting the structure and purpose of each question. When appropriate, we mention additional preparation strategies on how to answer and pass exam questions successfully.
How To Answer And Pass Exam Questions Successfully
1 Preview the exam
As you browse through, take note of those questions which seem easier (i.e., those questions you think you can answer) and perhaps plan to skip those which seem harder, setting time limits, and getting settled; keep to time divisions for questions as they are usually equally weighted
2. Start with questions you can answer readily.
Don’t waste time labouring over troublesome questions at the start. Be sure to get credit for items you know well.
3. Recycle through the test.
Now try the questions you could not do on the first attempt. Sometimes the answer will occur to you simply because you are more relaxed after having answered other questions. Sometimes, too, your answer to one question provides a clue to the answer of another.
4. Set goals for time and pace yourself accordingly.
Allocate your time according to the relative worth of questions. Try to save a few minutes at the end for review and revision. Remember: your first answer may not always be your best answer. Change answers, but only if you have a good reason for doing so. For instance, changing an answer from, say, selection “b” simply because your response to the previous four questions was also “b” and you cannot believe that five questions in a row would have the same item as the correct response, is likely not a good reason; be flexible in your approach.
5. Read the questions carefully, twice if necessary.
Avoid jumping to conclusions about what you think the question asks.
6. Circle or underline key words in questions.
Multiple choice tests examine your ability to read carefully and thoughtfully as much as they test your ability to recall and reason. Watch for words like “all,” “always,” “never,” “none,” “few,” “many,” some,” “sometimes.”
7. Try to recall a concept from memory or think out the answer before looking at the options.
Doing this successfully may help you “wade through” the alternatives and find a reasonable answer or choice.
8. Consider the cover-up strategy.
Read the question and try to answer it by recall before looking at the alternative answers.
9. Consider the true/false label strategy.
Label the alternative answers as true or false statements and then look for a pattern in the answers
10. Sometimes alternatives differ by only one or two words or in the order of one or two terms.
These can seem very confusing. It helps sometimes to read the stem of the question (that’s the question part) with an alternative while covering up the others. By methodically thinking through the alternatives this way, you may be able to make more sense of the options by labelling them true or false and eliminating those that don’t correctly complete the question.
11. Use the hint of highly similar pairs.
Often the answer is imbedded in one of two very similar pairs and the “most correct” answer is often the one that correctly uses course terminology; consider the all or none of the above cues — if two of the preceding alternatives are opposites then one of them and the all or none of the above choice is also wrong.
12. Be prepared to change your answer
If you can determine a clear reason why your first response is incorrect. Many students report difficulties arising from changes that are made on the basis of nervous feelings.
13. You might want to try to answer all the questions from the same section of the course
To offset the mixing of questions inherent in the design of the test — this demands care be taken that answer sheets are correctly completed and that all questions have been answered; consider guessing when there is no penalty for a wrong answer.
14. Be alert to terminology which links the alternatives or questions to key areas of the course, lectures, or chapters of a course’s materials.
This may help you narrow the field of possible choices and think through to the best answer.
15. Be wary of descriptive words which are overly exclusive or overly inclusive.
These absolute terms tend to portray things as right or wrong where this is often not the case. Words like always, never, completely, and only are absolutes. Relative words like often, usually, seem and may are often more accurate.
16. Translate double negative statements into positive ones.
Examples like “Not lacking” or “not none” become “having” and “some” and this can reduce confusion. Note that these are often partly in the stem and partly in the choices of a particular question.
17. If you must guess, look for some of these possibilities:
The style of an answer option is very different from all of the others – this may disqualify it; the grammar of the question stem is not in agreement with the grammar of an alternative; some alternative is not in the area or topic of the question, but comes from some other part of the course- this may disqualify it.
Overall, remember that you are looking for the best answer, not only a correct one, and not one which must be true all of the time, in all cases, and without exception.
Best tips for exam success
1. Just study, don’t procrastinate. @SueBo
2. Put away the laptop. Get your parents to hide the battery so you won’t be tempted. @paddykell
3. Draw up a realistic timetable. Short, frequent study sessions. You need to be doing more than your homework.
4. Organise yourself. It’s never too late. Clear notes, tidy folders. Don’t stress yourself out. @Orlaith_Farrell
5. Don’t prioritise any one subject. All subjects should get equal time. Allow two hours each weekend for each subject and around 30-40 minutes per night for studying what was covered on that day in the classroom.
6. Print chief examiners’ reports for your subjects. They give sample answers which you can use as a guide for answering style. #studytips, @NatashaLynchEF
7. How much time do you spend on the internet? Half-an-hour in the morning, an hour in the evening? It all adds up. Two hours a day is 14 per week, 56 per month. Imagine if you were to spend just half of that revising.
8. Fewer late nights. The worst thing you can do at the weekends is spend the whole night up, and the whole day in bed. Try to get to bed by 1am at the latest on weekends, and get up early .
9. Divide up work with a friend, then meet up, photocopy each other’s notes, teach each other what you learned. #studybuddy, @NatashaLynchEF
10. Reading a book isn’t studying – it’s reading a book. Set a target: “I will revise this topic for 45 minutes”. Take notes as you go. Put away the books. Do an exam question. Now that’s study.
11. Get familiar with the layout of the exam paper. Some papers are tricky and complicated instructions could throw you on the day.
12. Don’t cut too many corners. Every year students emerge devastated because they listened to rumours about what was coming up. The truth is anything can come up. The papers are designed to be unpredictable.
13. Record your revision notes on a dictaphone, download onto your phone, revise on the move. #studytips, @NatashaLynchEF
14. Understand what you’re studying – or at least try. Rephrase in your own words when possible. Students who do well in exams don’t just vomit up facts, they demonstrate real understanding.
15. Keep the CAO in mind. Students tend to forget about what they put down on their CAO forms in the rush to study for the Leaving Cert. It’s no harm to keep thinking about what course you want to do, and keep researching different areas. @paddykell
16. Don’t talk about what study you’re doing and don’t listen to other people about what they’re doing. Lots of people lie about what they’re doing or not doing. The naturally brilliant friend who did nothing but somehow managed a B1 in the mocks is probably telling fibs about how hard they’re working.
17. Eat! Porridge can be perfectly edible with some minor adjustments. Some fast ones include putting chocolate chips, bananas, peanut butter, or even molasses and strawberries on it. It takes the notion of inedible slop away and keeps you going all morning. @ClareReidy1
18. My friends and I started our own nerdy trend of dunking Nature Valley bars into yogurt pots, which I understand sounds revolting to some people, but it got us through. @ClareReidy1
19. Have something to divert your attention: being solely focused on a few days in June at this stage will fry your brain.
20. Exercise. Don’t study any later than 10pm, and if you can find the energy, go for a walk. It releases endorphins in your brain that make you feel good about yourself, and it clears your head after hours of studying. @paddykell