Full List of Major Seaports in Nigeria and their Locations

Sea ports are facilities where ships can dock to load and unload cargo and passengers. They are essential components of global trade and transportation networks, serving as key points of entry and exit for goods and people traveling by sea. Sea ports typically include various infrastructure such as docks, piers, wharves, warehouses, and terminals to facilitate the handling and storage of cargo and the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers. These ports can vary in size and capacity, ranging from small harbors catering to local fishing and recreational boats to major international ports handling millions of tons of cargo each year.

Nigeria is positioned strategically along the Gulf of Guinea, the country boasts of  a robust maritime industry supported by an extensive network of seaports. These ports serve as vital gateways for trade, facilitating the movement of goods and fostering economic growth.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the major seaports in Nigeria, delving into their locations, significance, and contributions to the nation’s maritime sector.

Lagos Port Complex:

Located in Apapa, Lagos State, the Lagos Port Complex stands as Nigeria’s largest and busiest seaport. It comprises several terminals, including Apapa Quay, Tin Can Island Port, and the Ports and Terminal Multipurpose Limited (PTML) Terminal. As the primary gateway for imports and exports, Lagos Port Complex handles a significant portion of Nigeria’s maritime trade, encompassing various commodities such as petroleum products, manufactured goods, and agricultural produce.

Port Harcourt Port Complex:

Situated along the Bonny River in Rivers State, the Port Harcourt Port Complex plays a crucial role in Nigeria’s maritime activities, particularly in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. It consists of terminals specialized in handling petroleum products, general cargo, and containerized goods. With its strategic location and modern facilities, Port Harcourt Port serves as a key hub for the export of crude oil and natural gas.

Onne Port Complex:

Nestled in Onne, Rivers State, the Onne Port Complex stands out as one of Nigeria’s foremost oil and gas logistics centers. Equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, including deep-water berths and specialized terminals, Onne Port serves the needs of the oil and gas industry, supporting activities such as vessel berthing, cargo handling, and offshore logistics services. It also accommodates container traffic and general cargo shipments, contributing significantly to Nigeria’s maritime trade.

Warri Port:

Located in Delta State, Warri Port occupies a strategic position along the Warri River, facilitating trade in the southern region of Nigeria. While it primarily serves the needs of the oil and gas industry, Warri Port also handles general cargo, including agricultural products and industrial materials. Despite facing challenges such as dredging issues and limited infrastructure, efforts are underway to enhance its operational efficiency and capacity.

Calabar Port Complex:

Situated in Cross River State, Calabar Port Complex is renowned for its scenic location along the Calabar River. Historically significant as one of Nigeria’s oldest ports, it caters to a diverse range of maritime activities, including containerized cargo, bulk shipments, and passenger services. Calabar Port serves as a vital link for trade with neighboring countries in the West African region, contributing to regional integration and economic development.

Delta Port Complex:

Located in Delta State, Delta Port Complex serves as a strategic gateway for maritime trade in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region. It encompasses terminals specialized in handling bulk cargo, containerized goods, and general merchandise. Despite facing challenges related to channel dredging and port infrastructure, Delta Port remains a critical node in Nigeria’s maritime transportation network, supporting the movement of commodities such as petroleum products, agricultural produce, and raw materials.

Escravos Port:

Situated in Delta State, Escravos Port serves as a vital export terminal for Nigeria’s oil and gas industry, particularly in the production and shipment of crude oil. Operated by multinational oil companies, Escravos Port features deep-water berths and loading facilities capable of accommodating large tankers for crude oil exports. It plays a pivotal role in the global energy market, contributing to Nigeria’s status as a major oil-producing nation.


In conclusion, Nigeria’s major seaports play a critical role in facilitating maritime trade and driving economic growth. From the bustling port complex of Lagos to the oil-rich terminals of the Niger Delta, each port contributes uniquely to Nigeria’s maritime landscape. As the nation continues to invest in port infrastructure and logistics efficiency, these seaports are poised to play an even more significant role in Nigeria’s quest for sustainable development and global competitiveness in the maritime industry.

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