Salary of a Professor in Nigerian University

The salary of a professor in Nigerian universities is a topic that has garnered significant attention over the years, primarily due to the role of academics in shaping the country’s future and the ongoing challenges within the Nigerian education system. Professors are the pinnacle of academic achievement and are expected to contribute to research, teaching, and community service. However, the compensation they receive for their efforts often sparks debate regarding its adequacy and fairness.

The Structure of Academic Salaries in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the salary structure for university professors is governed by the Consolidated University Academic Salary Structure (CONUASS). This structure is designed to standardize salaries across federal and state universities. CONUASS is divided into several levels, with each level corresponding to different academic ranks, from Assistant Lecturer to Professor.

The salary of a professor falls under CONUASS 7, the highest level in the structure. This level includes a basic salary, various allowances, and bonuses. The total remuneration package for professors encompasses several components:

  1. Basic Salary: The foundational salary without any additional allowances.
  2. Allowances: These include housing, transport, research, and hazard allowances.
  3. Bonuses: Performance-based incentives that vary by institution and individual achievements.

Breakdown of a Professor’s Salary

As of the latest updates, the basic monthly salary of a professor on CONUASS 7 ranges from NGN 4.58 million to NGN 6.02 million annually, depending on years of experience and specific university policies. This translates to a monthly basic salary of approximately NGN 381,695 to NGN 501,975.

In addition to the basic salary, professors receive several allowances:

  • Housing Allowance: Typically around 40% of the basic salary. For a professor earning NGN 500,000 monthly, this would amount to NGN 200,000 per month.
  • Transport Allowance: Fixed at NGN 20,000 to NGN 30,000 monthly.
  • Research Allowance: Varies between NGN 50,000 and NGN 100,000 monthly, intended to support academic research.
  • Hazard Allowance: Fixed at NGN 30,000 to NGN 50,000 monthly, recognizing the potential risks associated with academic work.

Combining these figures, a professor’s monthly remuneration can range from NGN 650,000 to NGN 900,000, or approximately NGN 7.8 million to NGN 10.8 million annually.

Comparative Analysis with Global Standards

When compared to global standards, the salary of Nigerian professors is relatively low. In developed countries, professors often earn significantly higher salaries. For instance, in the United States, the average annual salary of a professor is around $100,000, which is approximately NGN 40 million. In the United Kingdom, the average is about £80,000, translating to roughly NGN 44 million.

This disparity highlights the financial challenges faced by Nigerian academics, which can impact their quality of life and professional performance. Moreover, the relatively low salaries may contribute to brain drain, where highly qualified academics seek better opportunities abroad.

Challenges and Controversies

The remuneration of Nigerian professors has been a contentious issue for several reasons:

  1. Inconsistent Payment: Delays in salary payments are common, particularly in state universities. This financial instability affects the morale and productivity of professors.
  2. Inadequate Funding: Universities often struggle with funding, which impacts not only salaries but also the resources available for research and teaching.
  3. Strikes: The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) frequently embarks on strikes to demand better pay and working conditions. These strikes disrupt academic calendars and affect the overall educational system.
  4. Inflation: The high inflation rate in Nigeria erodes the purchasing power of salaries, making it challenging for professors to maintain a reasonable standard of living.

Efforts to Improve Academic Salaries

Several initiatives have been proposed and implemented to address the challenges surrounding academic salaries in Nigeria:

  1. Salary Reviews: Periodic reviews of the CONUASS structure aim to adjust salaries in line with economic realities. However, these reviews are often delayed and insufficient.
  2. Government Interventions: The Nigerian government occasionally intervenes to resolve disputes between ASUU and university administrations, leading to temporary salary increments or bonuses.
  3. Funding Allocation: Increased budgetary allocations to the education sector could improve university funding, indirectly benefiting salaries and academic resources.
  4. External Grants and Partnerships: Encouraging universities to seek external funding through grants and partnerships can supplement salaries and enhance research capabilities.

The Future of Academic Remuneration in Nigeria

Addressing the salary concerns of Nigerian professors requires a multifaceted approach. Ensuring timely and adequate payment, improving university funding, and creating a conducive environment for research and teaching are critical steps.

Moreover, the government and university administrations must recognize the value of academics in national development. Investing in the academic workforce can lead to better educational outcomes, more significant research contributions, and overall national progress.

In conclusion, while the salary of a professor in Nigerian universities reflects the complexities and challenges of the country’s education system, addressing these issues is crucial for fostering a thriving academic environment. Ensuring fair and competitive remuneration for professors is not only a matter of justice but also a strategic investment in Nigeria’s future.

How to Effectively Lecture Students as a Lecturer

Lecturing is a traditional and still widely used method of teaching in higher education. However, delivering an effective lecture requires more than just standing in front of a classroom and speaking. It involves careful planning, engaging delivery, and an understanding of students’ needs and learning styles. This article outlines strategies and techniques that can help lecturers enhance their effectiveness and ensure that their lectures are both informative and engaging.

Understanding Your Audience

The first step in delivering an effective lecture is understanding your audience. Knowing the demographic and academic background of your students can help tailor your content and delivery style to meet their needs. For instance, younger students may respond better to a dynamic and interactive approach, while mature students might appreciate a more detailed and structured lecture.

Preparation and Organization

Effective lecturing begins long before you enter the classroom. Preparation is key. Here are some steps to ensure you are well-prepared:

Define Learning Objectives: Clearly outline what you want your students to learn by the end of the lecture. These objectives will guide the content and structure of your lecture.

Research and Content Development: Ensure your content is accurate, up-to-date, and relevant. Use multiple sources to provide a well-rounded perspective on the topic.

Organize Your Material: Structure your lecture in a logical flow. Start with an introduction that outlines the main points, followed by the body where you delve into each point, and conclude with a summary and key takeaways.

Prepare Visual Aids: Use slides, charts, and videos to complement your spoken words. Visual aids can help clarify complex concepts and maintain student interest.

Engaging Delivery

The delivery of your lecture is as important as its content. Here are some techniques to keep your students engaged:

Use a Clear and Enthusiastic Tone: Your voice should be audible and expressive. Vary your tone to emphasize important points and maintain interest.

Make Eye Contact: Eye contact helps build a connection with your audience and keeps them engaged. It also allows you to gauge their reactions and adjust your delivery accordingly.

Incorporate Stories and Examples: Real-life examples and stories can make abstract concepts more relatable and easier to understand.

Encourage Interaction: Ask questions, invite discussions, and encourage students to share their thoughts. This not only keeps students engaged but also helps reinforce their learning.

Use Humor: A well-timed joke or light-hearted comment can make your lecture more enjoyable. However, ensure that your humor is appropriate and inclusive.

Managing the Classroom Environment

A positive classroom environment is conducive to effective learning. Here are some tips for managing your classroom:

Set Ground Rules: Establish rules for behavior, such as arriving on time, participating respectfully, and turning off mobile phones.

Create an Inclusive Atmosphere: Ensure all students feel valued and included. Address any instances of disrespect or discrimination promptly.

Manage Disruptions: Address any disruptions calmly and firmly. If a student is consistently disruptive, consider discussing the issue with them privately.

Utilizing Technology

Technology can greatly enhance the effectiveness of your lectures. Here are some ways to incorporate technology into your teaching:

Interactive Tools: Use tools like clickers or mobile apps to conduct polls and quizzes during the lecture. This can help assess student understanding and keep them engaged.

Online Resources: Provide supplementary materials such as readings, videos, and practice exercises online. Platforms like Moodle or Blackboard can be used to share these resources.

Lecture Recording: Record your lectures and make them available to students. This allows them to revisit the material and reinforces their learning.

Assessment and Feedback

Assessing student understanding and seeking feedback on your teaching are crucial for continuous improvement. Here’s how to do it effectively:

Formative Assessments: Conduct regular quizzes, in-class activities, and assignments to gauge student understanding. Provide timely and constructive feedback.

Summative Assessments: Use exams and major assignments to assess overall learning outcomes. Ensure that these assessments align with your learning objectives.

Seek Student Feedback: Regularly ask for feedback on your teaching. This can be done through anonymous surveys or informal discussions. Use this feedback to improve your lectures.

Reflecting and Improving

Continuous reflection and improvement are key to becoming a more effective lecturer. Here are some strategies to help you reflect and improve:

Self-Reflection: After each lecture, take some time to reflect on what went well and what could be improved. Consider keeping a teaching journal to track your reflections and progress.

Peer Observation: Invite a colleague to observe your lecture and provide feedback. Observing others teach can also provide new ideas and perspectives.

Professional Development: Attend workshops, conferences, and training sessions to stay updated on best practices in teaching. Joining a professional organization related to your field can also provide valuable resources and networking opportunities.


Effective lecturing is a skill that can be developed and refined over time. By understanding your audience, preparing thoroughly, delivering engagingly, managing the classroom environment, utilizing technology, assessing student understanding, seeking feedback, and continuously reflecting and improving, you can enhance the impact of your lectures and contribute to your students’ academic success. Remember, the goal of lecturing is not just to transmit information, but to inspire and facilitate learning.



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