With growing awareness of the internet and its many possibilities, the e-commerce application according to Islamic business ethics can be a very good innovative idea on the growth and development expected in the though Islamically religious, yet business-oriented mind.
Even though profit-making is completely acceptable in Islam, the aim of your business should be to establish a halal way of earning in a manner that would please Allah. Placing profit generation as a secondary goal will benefit you more if you prioritize Islam first.
Secondly, generating a profit is completely permissible in Islam but through the Quran and Hadith, we are provided with complete guidelines on how to do so. Muslims are taught to establish their businesses according to the teachings of Islam and to create their working model based on its guidelines.
The only exception is Riba which is considered as an exploitative tool that widens the gap between the rich and the poor in society. These techniques can be very tempting, but this is the test for Muslims. You see, as long as you keep justice fair enough for all including your employees and of course your main backbone, your customers, running a physical business enterprise or online commerce can never be a problem in Islam.
It is true that the digital era that is growing so rapidly affects the sales system in the world. Transaction in the E-Commerce needs to be studied in Islamic law to provide a legal basis for the transaction. With the internet, human activities in buying and selling transactions have now developed with the use of electronic media.
The activity of buying and selling with electronic media is often referred to as E-Commerce. Electronic commerce, or E-Commerce, is the process of buying and selling goods and services electronically with transaction business computers using the Internet, networks and other digital technologies.
The Islamic E-Commerce Application
Now, in discussing some of the ethical codes of running the affairs of business according to Islamic beliefs and system, we shall be listing out some cogent points about the e-commerce application according to Islamic business ethics, the whats and the what-nots.
“Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.” (An-Nisa: 58)
Compliance with Sharia
Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. (An-Nisa: 58)
Permissibility in Payment in Transactions
Contract and Agreement
“O you who believed, fulfill (all) contracts. Lawful for you are the animals of grazing livestock except for that which is recited to you (in thi Quran) – hunting not being permitted while you are in the state of ihram. Indeed, Allah ordains what He intends.” (Surah Al-Maidah: 1)
Based on the verse, it is concluded about the principle of freedom of contract. In the concept of jurisprudence Muamalah contracts are often referred to as Aqad, which according to the jurists’ (Islamic jurists) means the engagement between offering and accepting in ways that are prescribed and have an impact on what is assumed.
According to the school of Syafi’i, Maliki, and Hambali, defines harmony as the elements that make up the contract. According to the three schools of conduct the pillars consist of four elements, namely the parties that hold the contract (al-aqidani), the object contract (expensive al-‘aql), the contract formula (sighat al-‘aqd), which contains offering and accepting, while the last is the purpose of the contract.
The contract or contract contained in E-Commerce is a legal contract that is carried out online. Because the four components are also contained in the E-Commerce contract, starting from the party that is the mind, the seller and buyer, then the contract object is the item to be purchased, then the acceptance that is done in writing and the last is the goal of contract and purchases in meeting individual needs.
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