Full List of Oil Producing States in Nigeria

Oil, also known as crude oil or petroleum, is a naturally occurring fossil fuel found beneath the Earth’s surface. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, primarily consisting of carbon and hydrogen atoms, along with small amounts of other elements such as sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen. Oil is formed over millions of years from the decomposition of organic materials like plankton and algae that settle on the seabed or lake bottoms, undergo heat and pressure, and transform into hydrocarbon-rich substances.

Oil production is a crucial component of Nigeria’s economy, contributing significantly to its revenue and global standing in the energy sector. Nigeria is one of the largest oil producers in Africa and is renowned for its vast petroleum reserves. The exploration and extraction of oil are mainly concentrated in specific regions within the country, primarily along the Niger Delta and its surrounding areas.

Here is the list of oil producing states in Nigeria:

1. Rivers State

Rivers State stands out as one of the leading oil-producing states in Nigeria. Situated in the Niger Delta region, Rivers State hosts major oil and gas companies, including Shell, Total, and ExxonMobil. Port Harcourt, the state capital, serves as a key hub for oil operations, with numerous refineries and petrochemical plants dotting the landscape. The state’s economy heavily relies on oil revenues, making it a vital player in Nigeria’s energy sector.

2. Delta State

Delta State is another prominent oil-producing region in Nigeria. It is home to various oil fields and installations operated by multinational corporations. Warri, an important city in Delta State, houses a refinery and serves as a crucial logistical center for oil-related activities. The state’s economy benefits significantly from oil revenues, although there have been ongoing challenges related to environmental degradation and community issues linked to oil exploration.

3. Akwa Ibom State

Akwa Ibom State boasts substantial oil reserves and production facilities. The state’s economy is largely driven by oil and gas activities, with notable contributions from companies like ExxonMobil and Chevron. Eket, a major city in Akwa Ibom, hosts oil terminals and infrastructure pivotal to the region’s petroleum industry. The state continues to play a pivotal role in Nigeria’s oil sector, contributing to both domestic energy needs and international markets.

4. Bayelsa State

Bayelsa State, often referred to as the “Glory of All Lands,” is a key oil-producing state in Nigeria. The state is situated within the Niger Delta and is rich in crude oil and natural gas resources. Yenagoa, the state capital, serves as a focal point for oil-related operations, with significant investments from major oil companies. Despite challenges related to environmental sustainability and community development, Bayelsa remains integral to Nigeria’s oil production landscape.

5. Edo State

Edo State is notable for its oil and gas activities, particularly around the city of Benin. The state hosts several oil fields and contributes substantially to Nigeria’s petroleum output. Companies like Seplat Petroleum operate within Edo, conducting exploration and production activities. Oil revenues play a critical role in the state’s economy, supporting infrastructure development and social programs.

6. Ondo State

Ondo State, located in southwestern Nigeria, is recognized for its oil and gas resources. The state is home to oil fields and exploration activities managed by indigenous and international companies. The city of Ondo serves as a strategic center for oil-related operations, contributing to the state’s economic growth and development.

7. Imo State

Imo State, situated in southeastern Nigeria, is also involved in oil production. While not as prolific as some other states in terms of output, Imo State has significant oil reserves and operates oil fields that contribute to Nigeria’s overall production capacity. The state continues to explore opportunities to expand its oil and gas sector, attracting investments to bolster its economy.


The oil-producing states of Nigeria play a critical role in the country’s economy and energy landscape. Despite challenges such as environmental concerns, security issues, and community development, these states remain pivotal in meeting Nigeria’s oil demands and contributing to global energy markets. As Nigeria seeks to diversify its economy and address sustainability concerns, the role of these oil-producing regions will continue to evolve, shaping the future of the nation’s energy sector.

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