Types of careers and their requirements – Choosing a career is a big deal. You’ll spend a significant amount of your life at work and so in order to enjoy your job, remain motivated and fulfil your potential, you need to make your career choices wisely.
You first need to know yourself. This means taking stock of your skills and assessing your interests and values.
It’s important to understand your range of skills and knowledge, so you can see if they’re a good fit for the job you’d like to do. Being aware of the skills you have also helps to highlight any gaps that may need to be filled to achieve your goals.
Imagine you’re thinking about your career goals and how fulfilled you’d be in your dream job. Think about what success looks like for you and how you’ll feel on the first day of your ideal job.
Have you ever mapped out the steps you need to take to prepare yourself for that job? What qualifications will you need before applying for that position? What types of companies need that position? This why knowing the types of careers and their requirements is an essential career goals setting.
You might need to meet certain requirements for your dream career. Knowing these types of careers and their requirements ahead of time will help you prepare for that job. This may include a college degree, a special certification, training, or on-the-job experience. One of the best ways to prepare for your dream job is to have adequate knowledge on these careers.
Types of Careers and their Requirements
Learn more about best ways to prepare for your dream job and map out your career journey. Here’re some types of careers and their requirements:
1. Agricultural, food production, and natural resources
Careers in the Agricultural, food production, and natural resources cluster are centered around one important topic: life. From managing food production to preserving our planet’s natural resources, occupations in this career cluster are critical to ensuring that humans are using the planet’s resources wisely.
This group of careers includes jobs in agriculture, the production of food, and the development of natural resources. Career paths in energy and agricultural tend to be distinct; however often training and education for natural production and resource management bridges the two primary areas.
Agricultural, food production, and natural resources careers include jobs in farming, energy and oil production and distribution, and jobs in commodities, such as wood and animal products.
Requirements: A degree in agriculture gives you the knowledge and skills needed to manage agricultural and farm businesses, or to work in areas such as agricultural sales, food production and farming journalism
2. Architecture and Construction
Are you fascinated by modern buildings, bridges, and other structures? The architecture and construction career cluster has a slew of exciting jobs that may interest you.
Architecture and construction careers include a full spectrum of jobs in design, engineering, physical labor, planning, management, and drafting. Jobs in design include architects, structural engineers, and infrastructure design planners. Jobs in structural building and repair include mechanical and infrastructure engineers, draftsmen, and construction laborers.
Requirements: There are typically three main steps to becoming a licensed architect: completing a bachelor’s degree in architecture, gaining relevant experience through a paid internship, and passing the Architect Registration Examination.
3. Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communication
Careers in the broadcasting, journalism, new media, social media, and audio-visual technology are growing rapidly.
Calling all creative personality types! The arts, audio/video technology, and communication career cluster features tons of career options that allow you to flex your creative side.
This career group includes a myriad of different types of jobs, all centered around communication and creative production. Jobs include careers in the visual and performing arts, which are the creative side of communications careers. Additionally, all jobs in the delivery and technical design of our communications, including audio/visual technicians, content producers, editorial management, etc. fall into this family of careers.
Requirements: At least a certified training and skills in Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communication is required. A job in these industries might see applicants specializing in news reporting, managing sound and video production, media relations, and other creative roles.
4. Business and Finance
The jobs in business include any management level job that has its core discipline in managing people, operations, and financial record keeping. Jobs include any business management position, from a line manager or business consultant, to a CEO or a VP of operations. Generally speaking, these jobs are cross-disciplinary and industry, meaning that their function can be brought to other industries easily.
Finance careers include all banking jobs, financial positions, and careers in the insurance sector. Typical jobs include financial analysts, bank managers and staff, brokers, investment bankers, investment analysts, financial planners, insurance agents, and all operational level positions within the sector.
Requirements: A bachelor’s degree in economics, accounting, business, finance or statistics is typically the minimum requirement to work as a financial analyst, and a master’s degree in business or finance is required for some positions.
5. Education and Training
Careers in education and training make up a massive volume of jobs and a good percentage of total employment in any country.
Careers in education include teachers, school administration, academic support, subject matter mentors, special needs professionals, and academic advisors. Educational professionals are also not limited to the public sector, but also includes curriculum consultants and designers, and professionals in educational content development, private tutors, private schools and certificate programs. In the training family, jobs also include Corporate Trainers, Software Trainers, Speakers, Conference Providers, Educational Courseware Developers, and Implementation experts.
Requirements: Careers in education can be among the most rewarding ways to make a difference in the lives of others. Earning a degree in education is an important first step in becoming a teacher. But even if you don’t plan to teach in a traditional classroom setting, an education degree can be a stepping stone to a wide variety of careers in education, including education administration, school counseling, or even social work.
6. Health Science
From anesthesiologists to orthodontists, some of the highest paying jobs can be found within the medical career. Studying medicine can be a long and difficult journey, which is why it’s important to take your career for a test drive by job shadowing a healthcare professional.
Requirements: Community health or public health worker, Doctor, Hearing aid specialist and Health educator require degrees Health science jobs generally require degrees that include laboratory science classes and coursework in health-related social science fields such as epidemiology, sociology and psychology. Students also can take classes in health policy or the business of health care.
7. Information Technology
Love working with computers? A career in information technology (IT) may be a good fit for you. While many occupations in this career cluster are bachelor’s degree jobs, it’s totally possible to go into IT without a degree.
Necessary qualities include strong listening skills, the ability to solve problems quickly, decision-making skills, the capacity to multitask, and a strong understanding of computer systems. IT specialists have typically earned at least a bachelor’s degree in a major related to computer science.
8. Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security
Law, public safety and security careers have many things in common. All of these careers are designed to uphold the law and protect people. Although careers in law vary on the surface from jobs in public safety or security, they share primary responsibilities. As an entire career group, this sector has experienced rapid growth and importance in accordance with demand for security and legal services.
Jobs in the legal sector include lawyers, paralegals, legal staff, judges, court professionals, and any legal consultant or related profession. Security jobs include all jobs in public safety, including the police and jobs involved in the correctional and prison system. Additionally, careers in the private security field are included. Jobs at the national level, including homeland security, are also in the law and public safety career group.
A career in marketing can take you in many different directions. Careers in marketing include creative designers, account executives, product marketing, and all related management level marketing careers. Sales positions include business development managers, sales managers, customer service personnel, sales support, and divisional sales operations management.
Most marketing careers require a bachelor’s degree, and some require or recommend a graduate degree. No matter which degree you earn, it all starts with getting a high school diploma.
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