Back-end development ivolves working on server-side software, which focuses on everything you can’t see on a website front. Expert Back-end developers ensure the website performs correctly, focusing on databases, back-end logic, application programming interface (APIs), architecture, and servers.
There are many paths you can take to be an Expert Back-end Developer. Whether you are a recent graduate or hoping to switch careers, it is important to assess what transferable skills you already have and consider building the new skills needed to pursue a back-end developer role.
What Are the Tasks of a Back-end Developer?
The back-end developer tasks and responsibilities: Back-end developers are required to have technical expertise, analytical thinking, and excellent collaboration skills. As a back-end web developer, you should be able to work independently to design the web infrastructure.
Here’s the tasks of a back-end developer, the day-to-day tasks and responsibilities:
Build and maintain websites:
A back-end developer’s main responsibility is to use various tools, frameworks, and languages to determine how best to develop intuitive, user-friendly prototypes and turn them into websites. This requires an understanding of cross-platform functionality and compatibility.
Write clean and easily maintainable code:
To produce sustainable web applications, developers must write clean and easily maintainable code.
Create and oversee testing:
Create and oversee testing schedules to optimize user interface and experience, ensuring optimal display on various browsers and devices.
Assess websites performance:
Once a website is up and running, and during updates and edits, developers need to assess its performance and scalability, adjusting code as necessary.
Troubleshoot issues and resolve them:
Be able to troubleshoot issues and resolve them, while communicating them to project managers, stakeholders, and QA teams.
Maintain workflows with client teams:
Maintain workflows with client teams to ensure ongoing support, along with leading training and mentorship for junior developers.
What Are the Tools Back-end Developers Use to Perform their Tasks?
Web developers use a variety of tools to develop, test, and maintain web applications. Some common tools for back-end developers include:
- Programming languages:
- Ruby on Rails
- Microsoft IIS
Here are some of the most popular and widely used backend languages:
How to be an Expert Back-end Developer?
To be an expert back-end developer, there are certain technical skills you will need to learn to navigate developing the back-end of the web or mobile application.
1. Programming languages
2. Know how to use frameworks
Frameworks are the libraries of back-end programming languages that help to build the server configuration. They tend to be linked with programming languages, so if you are familiar with Python, you’ll also know Flask, Django, or another Python-based framework, and so on.
3. Databases and servers
You’ll need to understand how to stack and recover data from databases, as back-end programming controls access to this information, including storage and recovery. MongoDB and MySQL are popular database programs. The database stores and organizes the client’s data so that it can be easily arranged and recovered, just like you might use cloud storage for your photos. This database then runs on a server that provides data upon request.
4. Application Program Interface (API)
5. Accessibility and security clearance
You should develop knowledge of network protocols and web security. Knowing how to secure databases and servers will be critical to your success as a back-end developer.
6. Version Control
Version control systems aid in the management of project files and the tracking of the user’s whole history. Git, GitHub, and Subversion are some of the most popular ones.
Git aids in the management of project files. It maintains track of everything the user has worked on in the past. GitHub is a web-based version control service using Git. The user can examine other people’s code, spot errors, and even suggest modifications.
Who is a Backend Developer?
Backend developers build code that allows a database and an application to communicate with one another. Backend developers take care and maintain the back-end of a website, Including databases, servers, and apps, and they control what you don’t see.
A backend developer’s job entails focusing on website architecture, scripting, and writing code that communicates between the website’s database and the user’s browser. Data consistency and integrity must be ensured.