Music is an art form and a universal language that involves the combination of sound, rhythm, melody. It has been an essential part of human culture and civilization for thousands of years, serving various purposes, including entertainment, communication, cultural expression and social cohesion.
Nigerian music history is a rich and diverse tapestry that reflects the country’s cultural heritage, social struggles, and artistic creativity.
Nigerian music has not only influenced not only the local population but also the global music scene .
Music has been an integral part of the Nigerian society for centuries, with each region and ethnic group contributing its unique sounds and rhythms. Traditional music genres include Juju, Fuji, Highlife, and Hausa music. The country has a rich music culture that has had a significant impact both nationally and internationally. Here’s an overview of Nigeria’s music history:
Nigeria’s musical heritage is traced back to ancient times when various ethnic groups developed their distinct musical styles., each with its own distinct musical traditions.
Traditional Nigerian music includes a wide array of genres and instruments, such as talking drums, xylophones, flutes, and stringed instruments. These traditional forms of music are still well preserved and performed in various cultural contexts. The new generation of Nigerian musicians also include some ounces of traditional style in today’s music.
Colonial Era (19th to mid-20th century):
With the arrival of European colonial powers, particularly the British, in the 19th century, Nigerian music started to experience external influences. Christian missionaries introduced hymns and Western musical notations, while millitary bands and brass instruments became popular in urban centers. This interaction between indigenous and Western musical elements laid the foundation for future developments in Nigerian music.
Emergence of popular Music(mid 20th century):
During the mid-20th century, Nigerian popular music began to emerge, combining indigenous style and Western influences.
This period saw the rise of diversification of Nigerian popular music. Musicians like Bobby Benson, King Sunny Ade, Chief Ebenezer Obey, and Victor Olaiya continued to evolve juju music, incorporating modern instruments and expanding their international appeal. The same period witnessed the rise of reggae and dancehall influences in Nigeria.
The Golden Age of Highlife:
The 1950s to the 1970s is often referred to as the “Golden Age” of Nigerian music, particularly highlife. Highlife music was a fusion of traditional African rhythms, Western jazz, and Latin influences. Iconic musicians such as E.C. Arinze, Rex Lawson and Osita Osadebe were prominent figures during this era. Highlife music gained immense popularity not only in Nigeria, but also in other West African countries.
Afrobeat and Fela Kuti:
Fela Kuti, the legendary Nigerian musician, political activist, is credited with creating the genre of Afrobeat during the 1960s and 1970s. Afrobeat combined traditional Yoruba music, jazz, funk, and highlife with potent social and political messages. Fela’s music challenged political oppression and corruption in Nigeria, making him an influential figure both locally and internationally.
Contemporary Nigerian Music:
From the early 2000s to the present day, Nigerian music has experienced a tremendous surge in popularity worldwide. The
emergence of Afrobeat, a genre blending hip-hop, R&B, and dancehall, has taken the global music scene by storm.
Artists like D’banj, 2Baba (formerly 2face Idibia), Wizkid, Davido, Burna Boy, Tiwa Savage, and others have achieved
international recognition and helped solidify Nigeria’s position as a major player in the global music industry.
In recent years, Nigerian music has continued to evolve and diversify, with artists experimenting with various styles and incorporating their unique cultural backgrounds into their music. Nigerian music remains a powerful force, connecting people across borders and celebrating the country’s rich cultural heritage.
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