The Major Tribes in Kebbi State

Let us drive through some of the major tribes in Kebbi State which was created in 1991 from the southwestern half of Sokoto state. Undoubtedly, Kebbi borders the nations of Niger to the west and Benin to the southwest, and it borders the Nigerian states of Sokoto and Zamfara to the north and east and Niger to the south.

Geographically, its area consists of short-grass savanna that is drained southwestward by the Niger River and its tributary, the Sokoto (Kebbi) River. Most of the Kainji Reservoir, formed by the Kainji Dam further downstream on the Niger River, lies in the southern portion of the state.

Most of the population is Muslim. Birnin Kebbi, the state capital, has a polytechnic institute (1976) and is served by several major roads. Of the 36 states of Nigeria, Kebbi is the tenth largest in area and 22nd most populous, with an estimated population of about 4.4 million as of 2016. The state is known as land of equity.


Agriculture is the most important economic activity, with riverine floodplains producing cash crops of peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, and rice. Subsistence crops include sorghum, millet, cowpeas, and onions. Much of the land in the state is used for grazing cattle, goats, and sheep.

Among the state’s nature are a number of fish species exhibited during the massive Argungu Fishing Festival, along with hippopotamus, West African manatee, and transient African bush elephant populations. Summarily, in economic terms, Kebbi state is largely based around fishing and agriculture, mainly of sorghum, groundnuts, millet, onion, and rice crops.

The Major Tribes in Kebbi State

While the Achipa (Achipawa), Boko-Bala, Dendi, Dukawa, Kambari, Kamuku, Lela, Puku, and Shanga peoples live along the state’s diverse western and southern borders, and the major ethnic groups in the state being the Fulani, Hausa, Dakarki (Dakarawa), and Kamberi, you need to have the details of the major tribes in Kebbi State.

Shanga Tribe 

Shanga is both a local government area and a tribe in Kebbi state. There are about 127,146 Shanga people in Kebbi and they occupy a landmass of 1,642km square.

The livelihood of the Shanga tribe is based primarily on agriculture, with fishing and trading being of secondary importance. Most of the people from the Shanga tribe are said to be Muslims while the others are Christians and traditionalist.

Dakarkari Tribe

The Dakarkari people are located in Zuru and Sakaba LGAs of Kebbi. These people are easily identified because of the numerous tribal marks on their bodies. Dakarkari people are tall and have farming and hunting as their professions.

Islam is the major religion of this people. Also, men and women from this tribe dress like Hausas

Achipawa Tribe 

The people of Achipawa migrated from Badar, a city close to Mecca. They are found in present-day Kontagora. The people of this tribe practise Islam as well as their traditional religion. Farming is one of the major occupations of this tribe.

Men from Achipawa put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on blouses. Meals are usually made from millet and maize.

Kamberi Tribe

The Kambari are spread over a large area from Kotonkoro District, Kontagora Emirate, west to Agwarra, Busa, and Wawa Districts of Busa Emirate. is a remote community in Birnin Amina in Rijau Local Government Area in Kebbi State where people go about naked. are the indigenes of the village of Ukya’U in Kebbi State, in the northern part of Nigeria.

Fulani Tribe

The Fulani tribe is perhaps the second largest tribe in Nigeria. It is also one of the most politically inclined tribes in Nigeria. This tribe can be found in a few West African countries in addition to Nigeria. There are over 40 million indigenes of the Fulani tribe. Cattle rearing is the occupation of the Fulanis while Fulfude is their language.

The Fulanis share some features with the Hausas and religion is one of them. Islam is the predominant religion of this people.  The presence of lots of very beautiful women and a nomadic nature are some of the very obvious features of this tribe. Fulani women tie wrapper on blouses ad cover their heads with hijabs while the men wear flowing gowns that are called Babban Riga.

Kamaku Tribe

The Kamuku tribes are mainly found in the west-central region of Nigeria, particularly in Kwara State. Their population in 1996 exceeded 35,000 people, found in the Sokoto division of Sokoto State, the Birnin Gwari division of Kaduna State and the Kontagora and Minna divisions of Niger State.

The Kamuku language belongs to the Kainji family and is related to C’lela, Duka, and Kambari.  The Kamuku tribes are described as industrious agriculturalists who keep livestock.

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