Full List of Niger-Delta States in Nigeria

The Nigerian Niger Delta states refer to a specific geographical region in Nigeria located in the southern part of the country. This region is known for its vast oil and gas resources, rich biodiversity, and unique cultural heritage. The Niger Delta states are characterized by a network of rivers, creeks, swamps, and mangroves that empty into the Gulf of Guinea.

The Niger Delta consists of several states located in the southern part of Nigeria, characterized by lush vegetation, rivers, creeks, and a diverse population. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the full list of Niger Delta states, highlighting their unique features and contributions to Nigeria’s development.

The Niger Delta States:

  1. Akwa Ibom State: Located on the coastal southeastern part of Nigeria, Akwa Ibom State is known for its oil wealth, beautiful beaches, and diverse culture. Uyo is its capital city, and the state boasts attractions such as the Ibom Connection, Ibeno Beach, and the National Museum of Colonial History.
  2. Bayelsa State: Bayelsa State, carved out of old Rivers State in 1996, is acclaimed as the “Glory of all Lands.” It is the home state of Nigeria’s former president, Goodluck Jonathan. Yenagoa is its capital city, and the state is renowned for its mangrove swamps, waterways, and the Niger Delta University.
  3. Cross River State: Situated in the southeastern part of Nigeria, Cross River State is known for its tourist attractions such as the Obudu Cattle Ranch, Agbokim Waterfalls, and the Calabar Carnival. Calabar, the state capital, is a historical city with a rich blend of cultures.
  4. Delta State: Delta State is named after the River Niger Delta, and it is one of the major oil-producing states in Nigeria. Asaba is the state capital, while Warri is a prominent commercial city. Notable attractions include the Nana Living History Museum, the River Ethiope, and the Otuogu Beach.
  5. Edo State: Although not entirely within the Niger Delta, Edo State is often associated with the region due to its cultural and historical ties. Benin City, the state capital, is famous for its ancient Benin Bronzes and the National Museum. Edo State is also known for its festivals, including the colorful Igue Festival.
  6. Rivers State: Rivers State, with Port Harcourt as its capital, is a major economic hub in Nigeria. It is home to the largest oil and gas industry in Africa, with significant contributions to Nigeria’s economy. Tourist attractions include the Port Harcourt Tourist Beach, Isaac Boro Park, and the Port Harcourt Zoo.

Economic Significance of the Niger Delta States:

The Niger Delta states play a crucial role in Nigeria’s economy, particularly in the oil and gas sector. The region is rich in natural resources, including oil, which accounts for a significant portion of Nigeria’s revenue. However, despite the economic wealth derived from oil exploration, the Niger Delta faces challenges such as environmental degradation, pollution, and socio-economic disparities.

Aside from oil, the Niger Delta is agriculturally rich, with fertile soil suitable for cultivating crops like cassava, yams, and oil palm. Fishing is also a primary economic activity due to the abundance of water bodies in the region.

Environmental and Social Challenges:

Despite its economic importance, the Niger Delta faces several environmental and social challenges. Oil exploration has led to widespread pollution, deforestation, and degradation of water bodies, impacting local communities’ livelihoods and health.

Additionally, there are issues of infrastructural development, education, healthcare, and youth unemployment in the region. Efforts are underway by the government and non-governmental organizations to address these challenges and promote sustainable development.


The Niger Delta states of Nigeria represent a vital region with immense potential and challenges. From oil wealth to diverse cultures and natural attractions, these states contribute significantly to Nigeria’s economy and heritage. While facing environmental and socio-economic issues, the Niger Delta remains a resilient region with opportunities for growth and development. Understanding and addressing the needs of the Niger Delta states are essential for Nigeria’s overall progress and sustainability.

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